Real State Lawyers
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Real Estate Lawyers
What is a Real Estate Lawyers?
A Real Estate Lawyer is a legal professional who specializes in matters related to real estate transactions, property ownership, and disputes related to real estate.
Real Estate Lawyers are responsible for ensuring that property transactions are legal, fair, and in compliance with all applicable laws and regulations.
They can provide legal advice and assistance to clients who are buying or selling a property, negotiating a lease, dealing with zoning and land use issues, resolving disputes between landlords and tenants, dealing with property tax issues, and handling other legal matters related to real estate.
In general, a real estate lawyer’s job is to protect their client’s interests in any legal matter related to property ownership or transactions.
They have a deep understanding of the laws, regulations, and procedures related to real estate, and they use this knowledge to guide their clients through any legal issues they may encounter.
What do you expect from our Real Estate Lawyers ?
At our law firm in Portugal, our Real Estate Lawyers are dedicated to providing exceptional legal services to our clients.
We understand that buying, selling, leasing or managing real estate can be a complex and stressful process, and we strive to make it as smooth and straightforward as possible for our clients.
When you work with our Real Estate Lawyers, you can expect us to provide you with expert legal advice, guidance, and support throughout the entire process.
We will take the time to listen to your needs and concerns and work with you to develop a legal strategy that meets your unique goals and objectives.
Whether you are dealing with a simple real estate transaction or a complex dispute, our lawyers have the knowledge, skills, and experience necessary to help you achieve the best possible outcome.
We are committed to providing personalized attention and responsive communication, so you can always feel confident that your legal needs are being met.
Go buy a house in Portugal. What’s the first step to take?
If you are interested in buying a house in Portugal, the first step is to determine what type of property you are looking for and to contact a reputable real estate agency.
The agency can help you find properties that meet your specific needs and provide you with valuable information about the local real estate market.
Once you have identified a property that you are interested in purchasing, it is important to consult with a qualified and experienced Real Estate Lawyer. While some Real Estate Agencies may have in-house Lawyers, it is generally advisable to seek independent legal advice.
A Real Estate Lawyer can help you navigate the legal complexities of the purchasing process, ensuring that all necessary documents are properly executed and that the transaction is completed in accordance with all applicable laws and regulations.
They can also conduct due diligence on the property, ensuring that there are no legal or regulatory issues that may impact your ownership or use of the property.
When choosing a Real Estate Lawyer, it is important to work with someone who has a deep understanding of the local Real Estate Market and the legal issues that may arise in Portugal. They should be responsive to your needs and concerns and committed to helping you achieve your real estate goals.
At our law firm, our Real Estate Lawyers have the knowledge, skills, and experience necessary to guide you through the process of buying a house in Portugal.
What is the first phase of the buying and selling process?
This preliminary phase is normally documented by the signing of a promissory contract for the purchase and sale of the property – drawn up by a Lawyer – with the fixing of a sign, a figure provided for in Article 442 of the Civil Code which works as a persuasion mechanism to the compliance, as anyone who fails to comply risks, in principle, losing the signal or returning it in double, if no other type of sanctions is agreed.
I already have the promissory purchase and sale agreement. What are the first steps with the Lawyer?
If you have already signed a Promissory Purchase and Sale Agreement, or a pre-contract, with the seller, it is important to consult with a Real Estate Lawyer as soon as possible to ensure that your interests are protected.
Here are some of the first steps you can expect to take when working with a Real Estate Lawyers after signing a contract of Promissory Purchase and Sale Agreement:
Review of the contract: Your lawyer will review the contract to ensure that all terms are fair and reasonable, and that you fully understand your rights and obligations.
Due diligence: Your lawyer will conduct a thorough investigation of the property, including reviewing the title, zoning and land use regulations, and any other issues that may impact your ownership or use of the property.
Financing: If you are obtaining financing to purchase the property, your lawyer can help you navigate the complex process of obtaining a mortgage, ensuring that you get the best possible terms and rates.
Closing: Your lawyer will attend the closing with you to ensure that all necessary paperwork is properly executed, and that the transaction is completed in accordance with all applicable laws and regulations.
Working with a Real Estate Lawyer can help ensure that your purchase of a home in Portugal is a smooth and stress-free process.
After signing the Promissory Purchase and Sale Agreement, what follows?
After your Real Estate Lawyer has reviewed the contract, conducted due diligence, and assisted you in obtaining financing (if necessary), the next step is typically the closing process.
The closing process is where the final paperwork is signed, funds are exchanged, and ownership of the property is officially transferred to you as the buyer. This process can be complex and time-consuming, but your lawyer will be with you every step of the way to ensure that everything goes smoothly.
During the closing process, you can expect to:
Review and sign the final purchase agreement and any other necessary paperwork, such as mortgage documents or property transfer tax forms.
Pay the balance of the purchase price and any closing costs, including legal fees, property taxes, and title insurance.
Receive the keys to your new home and take possession of the property
Your Real Estate Lawyer will ensure that all necessary documents are properly executed, and that the transaction is completed in accordance with all applicable laws and regulations. They will also be available to answer any questions you may have and to provide ongoing support as needed.
Buying a home in Portugal can be a complex process, but working with an experienced and knowledgeable real estate lawyer can help ensure that your transaction is completed successfully. Contact us today to learn more about how we can assist you in your real estate transaction.
What is a Purchase and Sale Contract?
According to Article 874 of the Civil Code, the purchase and sale contract is the transfer of a property, thing or right, for a price.
In terms of ownership of Real Estate, which can be both rural and urban, although in this case we will only make considerations about the latter, the transfer normally involves a previous stage of negotiation of the terms of this transfer, namely in terms of the definition of the parts and the ownership and the establishment of a price and respective payment terms, as well as the deadline for the execution of the deed.
What is the value of the down payment for the Property Purchase?
Negotiation for setting the value of the down payment is free, and it can even be an immediate advance payment, but normally it is between 10% and 15%, so that, if any eventuality happens to one of the parties, the loss is more contained.
Why is it important to use Real State Lawyers?
However, prudence advises checking whether the property has any mortgage or debt, often tax liens or other pledges that the seller has contracted. The information that often circulates about the financial health of certain construction companies is also relevant, so as not to be surprised by an insolvency in which any signs and advances that you have made end up plunging into a list of many other creditors.
Regarding condominiums, it is advisable to contact the respective condominium administrations, to find out about any existing debts of the selling owner, since, although they are not their responsibility, they may be involved in legal proceedings to defend themselves against their non-enforceability.
By the way, in this contact, it is worth asking if there are plans for repair or conservation works of a short-term scope, such as replacing roofs, painting the building, and replacing elevators, because when you acquire the property, you will be responsible for all the amounts that will be expended to implement them.
How much time elapses between the Promise Agreement and the Purchase and Sale Agreement?
Between the date of signature of the promissory contract and the conclusion of the definitive purchase and sale contract, there is a time that serves, on the one hand, for the seller to gather all the necessary documentation for the sale, if he does not already have it, and, on the other hand, serves for the purchaser to gather the necessary funds for the acquisition, either through its own funds or through the use of bank loans, with the inherent negotiations in terms of property valuation, fixing of amortization and interest periods, as well as guarantees to provide, normally mortgages on real estate.
With the public deed, the transfer of ownership from the seller to the buyer takes place.
The agreed price, deducted from the down payment, is paid, normally before the deed, in terms that, when the lawyer or notary attests to this fact and proceeds to read it, all the financial aspects are already settled.
If there is the intervention of a financial entity for the loan, a representative of the bank with powers for the respective contract will be present, normally a lawyer.
Once authenticated copies of the act of transfer have been issued, there is then a very relevant aspect which is to give it competent publicity, which is done by registering at the Land Registry Office of the place where the property is located.
What is the Commission charged by the Real Estate Agency?
In the context of the transfer of the property, the issue of the price is important, which, being freely negotiated, is the result of the combination of the interests of the seller in selling it and the buyer in acquiring it, but one cannot fail to take into account that the transfer involves a set of expenses that go beyond the price to be paid, from the outset, when the transaction is mediated by a real estate agency, which charges a percentage of the respective price, usually from 3% to 5%.
On the other hand, it is necessary to consider the fiscal and administrative expenses that encumber the transactions.
Thus, the Stamp Duty, which is the buyer’s responsibility, which, according to the respective General Table, amounts to 1.1% and is 0.8%.
The Municipal Tax on Onerous Property Transfers (IMT) is calculated from the value of the deed, but if this value is lower than the taxable asset value, then the latter value will be considered for the purposes of applying the respective rates.
For urban buildings or autonomous fractions intended for own and permanent housing, and as long as the value does not exceed €92,407, it is possible to apply for and benefit from an exemption. For other cases, the fees are progressive according to the value of the transfer, and may, at the limit, for transfers exceeding one million euros, reach 7.5%.
For the purposes of the deed only, the expenses vary according to the value, but, when the price of a certificate is added too much, they are normally between 200 and 350 euros.
At the Land Registry Office, registration is 225 euros plus VAT. In the case of recourse to the loan, there are two records, the purchase, and sale and the mortgage, where the entire maturity of the loan is described in terms of terms, interest rates, penalties, etc.
The Casa Pronta service, made available by the State in some locations, lowers transaction costs, in terms of notary and registration, and is a solution to take into account in fulfilling everything necessary for a transfer of property.
Is it necessary to use a Real State Lawyers in Portugal?
Not being essential, however, it is advisable that the transactions are accompanied by a lawyer, who normally assists the buyer, but whose support can also be provided to the seller.
The seller cannot just think of the price as the realization of a net profit, as there are often hidden taxes, as in the case of the taxation of capital gains, which constitute real bitterness in the mouth, eliminating a substantial part of the advantages that thought to have in the transaction.
With regard to the buyer, the presence of the lawyer is justified for the confirmation of the qualification and sufficiency of powers of the seller to sell the property, verification of possible encumbrances that fall on the same and limit the right to property, in case of easements and other types of authorizations that have been given, authorizations and licenses that the property must have, writing of the promissory contract, verification of the fees and the law applicable in the transaction.
What are the Real Estate Lawyers’ Fees?
Our Real State Lawyers fees vary, but normally never exceed 2% of the transaction value.
If you want to entrust the lawyer with his intervention in the purchase, you can issue a power of attorney with special powers for the specific transaction, which, in strict compliance with its guidelines, will sign the promissory contract and, provided the necessary funds for the payment of the transaction, may later sign the respective deed.
Can the Lawyer authenticate the Purchase and Sale Agreements?
Lawyers are currently empowered to draw up an authentication term for purchase and sale contracts, and they are responsible for an explanation to the grantors of its content and of the particular document attached to that term, which, however, will only be valid after the respective electronic deposit.
Mandatorily carried out in Property Online, as well as the warning of the mandatory land registration, of the aforementioned private document, to be promoted by themselves.
Also, in these cases, it is advisable to previously inquire about the costs with the respective professionals in order to prevent any surprises.
I’m out of Portugal. Can I hire a lawyer to take care of the entire process of buying or selling a property in Portugal?
Yes, it is possible for our lawyers to handle the entire process of buying or selling a property through a power of attorney.
The power of attorney is a legal document that allows another person, in this case the lawyer, to act on your behalf in relation to a specific transaction.
In the case of a Real Estate Transaction, the power of attorney must be specific and clearly indicate that the lawyer is authorized to act on your behalf in all stages of the buying or selling process, from reviewing the contract to signing the final documents and transferring ownership.
It is important to remember that the power of attorney should be issued with sufficient advance notice so that the lawyer has time to review all documents and perform all necessary due diligence before the transaction closes.
When working with our Lawyers in Portugal acting through a power of attorney, it is important to maintain clear and constant communication so that you are informed about all stages of the process and can make informed decisions regarding your real estate transaction.
If you are interested in hiring a lawyer to handle a real estate transaction in which you will not be present, please contact us to learn how we can help
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Wills; Heir's Qualification; Disinheritance; Donations; Judicial and extrajudicial asset distribution; Wills annulment and revocation; Recognition of Succession Capacity and Entitlement to Heirs’ Rights; Right to inhabit the family residence and the right to household Belongings.